Relationships between Cognition and Activities of Daily Living in Alzheimer's Disease During a 5-Year Follow-Up: ALSOVA Study
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CitationSaari, T. Hallikainen, I. Hänninen, T. Räty, H. Koivisto, A. (2018). Relationships between Cognition and Activities of Daily Living in Alzheimer's Disease During a 5-Year Follow-Up: ALSOVA Study. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 64 (1) , 269-279. 10.3233/JAD-171059.
Impaired cognition and activities of daily living (ADL) are core symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but their relationship is unclear.
To explore relationships between cognitive domains and functional ability during 5-year follow-up in persons with AD.
We analyzed ALSOVA study data from 236 individuals with very mild or mild AD at baseline. The CERAD Neuropsychological Battery (CERAD-NB) was used as a cognitive measure and Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study ADL (ADCS-ADL) as a functional measure, analyzing the IADL and BADL sub-scores separately. Annual regression models and linear mixed-effect models (LMMs) covering a 5-year follow-up period were used.
Annually, the CERAD-NB total and especially Verbal Fluency, Clock Drawing, and Constructional Praxis were associated with the total ADCS-ADL and IADL scores increasingly yet modestly, and to a lesser extent the BADL score. In the LMMs, the same measures and MMSE were associated with ADL.
Measures of executive function and visuoconstructive skills appear to be associated with caregiver-interview based ADL measure during the progression of AD.